Quantifying dorsal closure in three dimensions.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Dorsal closure is an essential stage of Drosophila embryogenesis and is a powerful model system for morphogenesis, wound healing, and tissue biomechanics. During closure, two flanks of lateral epidermis close an eye-shaped dorsal opening that is filled with amnioserosa. The two flanks of lateral epidermis are zipped together at each canthus ("corner" of the eye). Actomyosin-rich purse strings are localized at each of the two leading edges of lateral epidermis ("lids" of the eye). Here we report that each purse string indents the dorsal surface at each leading edge. The amnioserosa tissue bulges outward during the early-to-mid stages of closure to form a remarkably smooth, asymmetric dome indicative of an isotropic and uniform surface tension. Internal pressure of the embryo and tissue elastic properties help to shape the dorsal surface.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lu, H; Sokolow, A; Kiehart, DP; Edwards, GS

Published Date

  • December 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 27 / 25

Start / End Page

  • 3948 - 3955

PubMed ID

  • 27798232

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC5156535

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1939-4586

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1059-1524

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1091/mbc.e16-06-0400


  • eng