[Ginsenoside Rg1 protects rat hippocampal neurons from radiation injury by regulating NOS activity].

Published

Journal Article

To study the protective effect of ginsenoside Rg1 on cultured rat hippocampal neurons against radiation injury and explore new therapies for preventing radiation encephalopathy.Rat hippocampal neurons cultured for 12 days were subjected to a single-dose X-ray exposure of 30 Gy. 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining was used to detect the neuronal apoptosis and NOS activity kit utilized to evaluate NOS activity in the cells after the exposure.Nuclear condensation was detected in (25.3-/+3.57)% of the neurons 24 h after 30 Gy X-ray exposure, a rate significantly higher than that in the control cells [(1.95-/+0.78)%, P<0.01]. In the neurons pretreated with ginsenoside Rg1, only (7.43-/+1.51)% of the cells presented with nuclear condensation after the exposure, significantly different from the rates in the control cultures and the exposed cultures (P<0.01). The NOS activity of exposed cultures was 6.46-/+0.95 U/ml, significantly higher than that in the control cultures (3.20-/+0.70 U/ml, P<0.01). The NOS activity of the neurons pretreated with ginsenoside Rg1 was 3.85-/+0.69 U/ml, significantly different from that in the control cultures (P<0.05) and the exposed cultures (P<0.01).Ginsenoside Rg1 offers significant protective effect on rat hippocampal neurons from radiation-induced apoptosis by reducing the activity of NOS.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Chen, Y; Sun, A-M; Chen, Z-X; Liu, Y; Chen, L-H; Yuan, Y-W

Published Date

  • July 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 30 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 1522 - 1525

PubMed ID

  • 20650756

Pubmed Central ID

  • 20650756

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2663-0842

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1673-4254

Language

  • chi