High-level production of heterologous proteins using untreated cane molasses and corn steep liquor in Escherichia coli medium.


Journal Article

To develop an economical industrial medium, untreated cane molasses (UCM) was tested as a carbon source for fermentation culturing of Escherichia coli. To test the industrial application of this medium, we chose a strain co-expressing a carbonyl reductase (PsCR) and a glucose dehydrogenase (BmGDH). Although corn steep liquor (CSL) could be used as an inexpensive nitrogen source to replace peptone, yeast extract could not be replaced in E. coli media. In a volume of 40 ml per 1-l flask, a cell concentration of optical density (OD(600)) 15.1 and enzyme activities of 6.51 U/ml PsCR and 3.32 U/ml BmGDH were obtained in an optimized medium containing 25.66 g/l yeast extract, 3.88 g/l UCM, and 7.1% (v/v) CSL. When 3.88 g/l UCM was added to the medium at 6 h in a fed-batch process, the E. coli concentration increased to OD(600) of 24, and expression of both PsCR and BmGDH were twofold higher than that of a batch process. Recombinant cells from batch or fed-batch cultures were assayed for recombinant enzyme activity by testing the reduction of ethyl 4-chloro-3-oxobutanoate to ethyl (S)-4-chloro-3-hydroxybutanoate (CHBE). Compared to cells from batch cultures, fed-batch cultured cells showed higher recombinant enzyme expression, producing 560 mM CHBE in the organic phase with a molar yield of 92% and an optical purity of the (S)-isomer of >99% enantiomeric excess.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Ye, Q; Li, X; Yan, M; Cao, H; Xu, L; Zhang, Y; Chen, Y; Xiong, J; Ouyang, P; Ying, H

Published Date

  • June 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 87 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 517 - 525

PubMed ID

  • 20309539

Pubmed Central ID

  • 20309539

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1432-0614

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0175-7598

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s00253-010-2536-0


  • eng