Citrullination of histone H3 drives IL-6 production by bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in MGUS and multiple myeloma.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Multiple myeloma (MM), an incurable plasma cell malignancy, requires localisation within the bone marrow. This microenvironment facilitates crucial interactions between the cancer cells and stromal cell types that permit the tumour to survive and proliferate. There is increasing evidence that the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMMSC) is stably altered in patients with MM-a phenotype also postulated to exist in patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) a benign condition that precedes MM. In this study, we describe a mechanism by which increased expression of peptidyl arginine deiminase 2 (PADI2) by BMMSCs in patients with MGUS and MM directly alters malignant plasma cell phenotype. We identify PADI2 as one of the most highly upregulated transcripts in BMMSCs from both MGUS and MM patients, and that through its enzymatic deimination of histone H3 arginine 26, PADI2 activity directly induces the upregulation of interleukin-6 expression. This leads to the acquisition of resistance to the chemotherapeutic agent, bortezomib, by malignant plasma cells. We therefore describe a novel mechanism by which BMMSC dysfunction in patients with MGUS and MM directly leads to pro-malignancy signalling through the citrullination of histone H3R26.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • McNee, G; Eales, KL; Wei, W; Williams, DS; Barkhuizen, A; Bartlett, DB; Essex, S; Anandram, S; Filer, A; Moss, PAH; Pratt, G; Basu, S; Davies, CC; Tennant, DA

Published Date

  • February 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 31 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 373 - 381

PubMed ID

  • 27400413

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC5292682

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1476-5551

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/leu.2016.187


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England