Emotional reactivity and parenting sensitivity interact to predict cortisol output in toddlers.


Journal Article

Cortisol output in response to emotion induction procedures was examined at child age 24 months in a prospective longitudinal sample of 1,292 children and families in predominantly low-income and nonurban communities in two regions of high poverty in the United States. Multilevel analysis indicated that observed emotional reactivity to a mask presentation but not a toy removal procedure interacted with sensitive parenting to predict cortisol levels in children. For children experiencing high levels of sensitive parenting, cortisol output was high among children exhibiting high emotional reactivity and low among children exhibiting low emotional reactivity. For children experiencing low levels of sensitive parenting, cortisol output was unrelated to emotional reactivity.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Blair, C; Ursache, A; Mills-Koonce, R; Stifter, C; Voegtline, K; Granger, DA; Family Life Project Investigators,

Published Date

  • September 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 51 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 1271 - 1277

PubMed ID

  • 26192038

Pubmed Central ID

  • 26192038

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1939-0599

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0012-1649

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037/dev0000031


  • eng