Replicating the positivity effect in picture memory in Koreans: evidence for cross-cultural generalizability.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Older adults' relatively better memory for positive over negative material (positivity effect) has been widely observed in Western samples. This study examined whether a relative preference for positive over negative material is also observed in older Koreans. Younger and older Korean participants viewed images from the International Affective Picture System (IAPS), were tested for recall and recognition of the images, and rated the images for valence. Cultural differences in the valence ratings of images emerged. Once considered, the relative preference for positive over negative material in memory observed in older Koreans was indistinguishable from that observed previously in older Americans.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kwon, Y; Scheibe, S; Samanez-Larkin, GR; Tsai, JL; Carstensen, LL

Published Date

  • September 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 24 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 748 - 754

PubMed ID

  • 19739932

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2775417

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1939-1498

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0882-7974

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037/a0016054


  • eng