Effect of acute exercise on plasma neurotensin levels.
Neurotensin (NT) levels were examined in five aerobically untrained females aged 20-36 engaged in acute graded exercise testing. In addition to radioimmunoassay measurements, high pressure liquid chromatography was performed to further characterize plasma NT-like immunoreactivity (NTLI). Epinephrine (E), norepinephrine (NE), and lactate (L) responses were also determined. Exercise testing consisted of one hour of treadmill running subdivided into three 20-minute segments representing 50, 60, and 70%, respectively, of the previously determined maximal aerobic capacity. Mock testing established baseline values for each subject. Three components of NTLI were evaluated: NT(1-13), NT(1-8), and NT(1-11). Resting NT(1-13) concentrations averaged 5.8 +/- 4.2 fmol/ml, while mean NT(1-8) values were 13.0 +/- 5.2 fmol/ml, and NT(1-11) averaged 5.8 +/- 3.2 fmol/ml. Peak exercise values were: for NT(1-13), 5.4 +/- 2.0 fmol/ml, for NT(1-8), 13.5 +/- 2.8 fmol/ml, and for NT(1-11), 5.9 +/- 0.5 fmol/ml. Analysis of variance with repeated measures detected no changes in these levels with exercise. Four-fold increases in E (36 +/- 3 pg/ml to 121 +/- 51 pg/ml), NE (340 +/- 95 pg/ml to 1431 +/- 319 pg/ml), and L (0.8 +/- 0.1 mM to 4.3 +/- 1.7 mM) confirmed the stress of exercise on the body in general, and the sympatho-adrenal system in particular. While other research has associated peripheral NT metabolite elevations with stressful stimuli in laboratory animals, the results of the present study suggest either that NT is not released from the human adrenal medulla during exercise, or that peripheral sampling precludes detection of any increases in NT from the adrenal medulla with currently available radioimmunoassay systems.
Peachey, SE; Skrinar, GS; Leeman, SE; Pehrson, J; Evans, WJ; Bullen, BA
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