The Early Emergence of Guilt-Motivated Prosocial Behavior.

Published

Journal Article

Guilt serves vital prosocial functions: It motivates transgressors to make amends, thus restoring damaged relationships. Previous developmental research on guilt has not clearly distinguished it from sympathy for a victim or a tendency to repair damage in general. The authors tested 2- and 3-year-old children (N = 62 and 64, respectively) in a 2 × 2 design, varying whether or not a mishap caused harm to someone and whether children themselves caused that mishap. Three-year-olds showed greatest reparative behavior when they had caused the mishap and it caused harm, thus showing a specific effect of guilt. Two-year-olds repaired more whenever harm was caused, no matter by whom, thus showing only an effect of sympathy. Guilt as a distinct motivator of prosocial behavior thus emerges by at least 3 years.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Vaish, A; Carpenter, M; Tomasello, M

Published Date

  • November 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 87 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1772 - 1782

PubMed ID

  • 28262936

Pubmed Central ID

  • 28262936

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1467-8624

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0009-3920

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/cdev.12628

Language

  • eng