Correlation between Goldmann perimetry and maximal electroretinogram response in retinitis pigmentosa.
To evaluate the relationship between Goldmann perimetry and maximal electroretinographic responses in patients with retinitis pigmentosa, analyses were performed on 220 affected subjects and separately on two subgroups with autosomal dominant (n = 35) and autosomal recessive (n = 29) inheritance. Electroretinograms were recorded averaging 100 iterations elicited with a 20-lux/s, 0.5-Hz white flash ganzfeld stimulation. The peripheral isopters of the visual fields were delimited with I4e, IIIe and V4e targets, measured on conventional perimetry charts with a light pen and expressed in square centimeters. Unlike most previously published reports, this investigation showed a definite correlation (p = 0.0001) between maximal electroretinographic response amplitude and visual field areas. This correlation was more evident for I4e and IIIe isopters (r = 0.89 and 0.87, respectively) than for V4e isopter (r = 0.69). This phenomenon appears to be related to distortion occurring on standard isometric charts and to spatial summation effects in the peripheral field. Such correlations held for both the autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive subgroups. It appears that, if enough accuracy is provided, maximal electroretinographic responses and Goldmann visual fields are both good measures of the remaining functioning retina in nonsyndromic retinitis pigmentosa, irrespective of inheritance models and dystrophic patterns.
Iannaccone, A; Rispoli, E; Vingolo, EM; Onori, P; Steindl, K; Rispoli, D; Pannarale, MR
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