Mutation screening of patients with Leber Congenital Amaurosis or the enhanced S-Cone Syndrome reveals a lack of sequence variations in the NRL gene.

Published online

Journal Article

PURPOSE: To determine if mutations in the retinal transcription factor gene NRL are associated with retinopathies other than autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (adRP). METHODS: Genomic DNA was isolated from blood samples obtained from 50 patients with Leber Congenital Amaurosis (LCA), 17 patients with the Enhanced S-Cone Syndrome (ESCS), and a patient with an atypical retinal degeneration that causes photoreceptor rosettes with blue cone opsin. The 5' upstream region (putative promoter), untranslated exon 1, coding exons 2 and 3, and exon-intron boundaries of the NRL gene were analyzed by direct sequencing of the PCR-amplified products. RESULTS: Complete sequencing of the NRL gene in DNA samples from this cohort of patients revealed only one nucleotide change. The C->G transversion at nucleotide 711 of NRL exon 3 was detected in one LCA patient; however, this change did not alter the amino acid (L237L). CONCLUSIONS: No potential disease causing mutation was identified in the NRL gene in patients with LCA, ESCS, or the atypical retinal degeneration. Together with previous studies, our results demonstrate that mutations in the NRL gene are not a major cause of retinopathy. To date, only missense changes have been reported in adRP patients, and sequence variations are rare. It is possible that the loss of NRL function in humans is associated with a more complex clinical phenotype due to its expression in pineal gland in addition to rod photoreceptors.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Acar, C; Mears, AJ; Yashar, BM; Maheshwary, AS; Andreasson, S; Baldi, A; Sieving, PA; Iannaccone, A; Musarella, MA; Jacobson, SG; Swaroop, A

Published Date

  • January 24, 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 /

Start / End Page

  • 14 - 17

PubMed ID

  • 12552256

Pubmed Central ID

  • 12552256

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1090-0535


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States