Electrophysiologic monitoring of diabetic retinopathy in pregnancy.
The authors studied the correlations between electroretinographic, ophthalmologic, and clinical parameters in 30 pregnant women (20 with diabetes and 10 control subjects). Diabetic patients were divided into two groups: group 1 included 11 cases of insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM); and group 2 included 6 cases of noninsulin-dependent diabetes (NIDDM) and 3 cases of gestational diabetes (GDM). Adapto-electroretinography (AERG) was used as the main monitoring parameter, and in particular, the relationship between the cone-mediated (b1) and rod-mediated (b2) components of the b wave (b2/b1 ratio) 7 minutes after photobleaching was studied. The results indicate that the b2/b1 ratio can detect functional modifications before the onset of ophthalmoscopically detectable retinopathy. Significant statistical correlations were demonstrated both between the type of diabetes and AERG responses, and between metabolic control (HbA1c values) and AERG alterations. A higher maternofetal complication rate in those patients with severe and frequent AERG alterations during pregnancy also was found.
Vingolo, EM; Rispoli, E; Zicari, D; Pannarale, L; Iannaccone, A; Fallucca, F
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