Preclinical Evaluation of a Replication-Deficient Recombinant Adenovirus Serotype 5 Vaccine Expressing Guanylate Cyclase C and the PADRE T-helper Epitope.
There is an unmet need for improved therapeutics for colorectal cancer, the second leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Adjuvant chemotherapy only marginally improves survival in some patients and has no benefit in others, underscoring the clinical opportunity for novel immunotherapeutic approaches to improve survival in colorectal cancer. In that context, guanylate cyclase C (GUCY2C) is an established biomarker and therapeutic target for metastatic colorectal cancer with immunological characteristics that promote durable antitumor efficacy without autoimmunity. Preliminary studies established non-replicating human type 5 adenovirus (Ad5) expressing GUCY2C as safe and effective to induce GUCY2C-specific immune responses and antitumor immunity in mice. This study characterized the biodistribution, immunogenicity, and safety of a vector expressing GUCY2C fused with the human CD4+ T helper cell epitope PADRE (Ad5-GUCY2C-PADRE) to advance this vaccine into clinical trials in colorectal cancer patients. Ad5-GUCY2C-PADRE levels were highest in the injection site and distributed in vivo primarily to draining lymph nodes, the liver, spleen and, unexpectedly, to the bone marrow. Immune responses following Ad5-GUCY2C-PADRE administration were characterized by PADRE-specific CD4+ T-cell and GUCY2C-specific B-cell and CD8+ T-cell responses, producing antitumor immunity targeting GUCY2C-expressing colorectal cancer metastases in the lungs, without acute or chronic autoimmune or other toxicities. Collectively, these data support Ad5-GUCY2C-PADRE as a safe and effective vaccination strategy in preclinical models and position Ad5-GUCY2C-PADRE for Phase I clinical testing in colorectal cancer patients.
Snook, AE; Baybutt, TR; Hyslop, T; Waldman, SA
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