Do debit cards decrease cash demand?: causal inference and sensitivity analysis using principal stratification


Journal Article

© 2016 Royal Statistical Society It has been argued that the use of debit cards may modify cash holding behaviour, as debit card holders may either withdraw cash from automated teller machines or purchase items by using point-of-sale devices at retailers. Within the Rubin causal model, we investigate the causal effects of the use of debit cards on the cash inventories held by households by using data from the Italy Survey of Household Income and Wealth. We adopt the principal stratification approach to incorporate the share of debit card holders who do not use this payment instrument. We use a regression model with the propensity score as the single predictor to adjust for the imbalance in observed covariates. We further develop a sensitivity analysis approach to assess the sensitivity of the proposed model to violation of the key unconfoundedness assumption. Our empirical results suggest statistically significant negative effects of debit cards on the household cash level in Italy.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Mercatanti, A; Li, F

Published Date

  • August 1, 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 66 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 759 - 776

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1467-9876

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0035-9254

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/rssc.12193

Citation Source

  • Scopus