Differential canonical pathways derived from microarrays using RNA from paraffin-embedded non-small cell lung cancer tissue.
7226 Background: Several molecular targets have been approved for use in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and several hundred are in various phases of investigation. However, the efficacy of these targets range from 5-15% of the overall population of NSCLC patients. Therefore, the challenge remains to appropriately match the most active target with the individual patient. Our goal was to investigate a novel strategy for identifying active pathways from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) NSCLC samples. METHODS: Ten 5 um sections of FFPE tumor were collected from 66 NSCLC patients consisting of equal numbers of long- (+5-year) and short-term (<2 year cancer death) survivors. Sixty samples were microdissected (6 samples contained no tumor tissue) and RNA was extracted using a proprietary procedure of Response Genetics, Inc. Amplification and labeling of RNA were done using the Affymetrix two cycle amplification kit. Resulting cRNA was hybridized to the U133 plus 2.0 GeneChip. A differentially expressed gene list between long and short survivors was determined. These data were also analyzed for differential canonical pathways using Ingenuity Pathway Analysis. RESULTS: We identified the differential pathways indicated by the unique gene signatures between early stage patients surviving <2 yrs and >2 yrs for both adenocarcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas. Adenocarcinoma pathways that differed between short- and long-term survivors were: G2M DNA damage checkpoint, EGF, estrogen receptor, hypoxia, VEGF, PDGF, IL-6 JAK/Stat and neurotrophin/Trk signaling. In contrast, for squamous cell carcinomas the main differing pathways were: Wnt/b-catenin signaling and retinol metabolism. CONCLUSIONS: We have demonstrated the feasibility of generating differential canonical pathways from FFPE NSCLC specimens which may serve as a tool to guide selection of molecular targets for the individual patient. In addition, these pathways may be a rational method for selecting the correct subset of patients most likely to respond to agents being investigated in early phase clinical trials. These data require validation in a larger prospective study. [Table: see text].
Joshi, MM; Petersen, RP; Conlon, DH; Tanaka, K; Shimizu, D; Kuramochi, H; Williams, M; Danenberg, PV; Danenberg, KD; Harpole, DH
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