Tinzaparin prophylaxis against thromboembolic complications in brain tumor patients.
1539 Background: Thromboembolic complications are common in brain tumor patients, contribute to the morbidity and mortality and complicate treatment. Twenty to 40% of brain tumor patients develop a deep venous thrombosis and/or pulmonary embolus during their course. Thromboembolic complications are the second leading cause of death in brain tumor patients. One of the low molecular weight heparins, tinzaparin, has increased factor Xa activity as opposed to thrombin inhibition, which may improve the therapeutic:toxicity ratio. METHODS: We report a phase II trial of prophylactic tinzaparin for newly diagnosed brain tumor patients. Twenty-seven of the planned 40 patients have been accrued. Patients received daily tinzaparin at a fixed dose of 4500 IU subcutaneously beginning a minimum of 48 hours post-operatively and a maximum of 4 weeks post-operatively. Patients were scheduled to receive tinzaparin for 12 months. During chemotherapy cycles, the blood counts were monitored weekly. If the platelet count was <50,000, the tinzaparin was held until the platelets were >100,000. RESULTS: One of the patients developed a grade 3 CNS hemorrhage, necessitating cessation of the tinzaparin, there have been no grade 4 or 5 CNS hemorrhages or treatment associated mortality. Also, there have been no ≥ grade 2 systemic hemorrhages. One patient developed a deep venous thrombosis while taking tinzaparin, and three patients developed thromboembolic complications while off tinzaparin secondary to thrombocytopenia. One patient was taken off study for increased liver function tests, possibly secondary to tinzaparin. The patients have taken the tinzaparin for 4-52 weeks, with a median of 18 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: Tinzaparin at a fixed prophylactic dose is safe and may decrease the incidence of thromboembolic complications in brain tumor patients. If the completed phase II study yields similar results, a phase III trial is warranted. No significant financial relationships to disclose.
Vredenburgh, JJ; Bohlin, C; Reardon, DA; Desjardins, A; Quinn, J; Rich, J; Sathornsumetee, S; Marks, LB; Friedman, AH; Friedman, HS
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)