Cardiac Disease Associated with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection.

Journal Article (Review)

Over the last 2 decades human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has become a chronic disease requiring long-term management. Aging, antiretroviral therapy, chronic inflammation, and several other factors contribute to the increased risk of cardiovascular disease in patients infected with HIV. In low-income and middle-income countries where antiretroviral therapy access is limited, cardiac disease is most commonly related to opportunistic infections and end-stage manifestations of HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, including HIV-associated cardiomyopathy, pericarditis, and pulmonary arterial hypertension. Cardiovascular screening, prevention, and risk factor management are important factors in the management of patients infected with HIV worldwide.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bloomfield, GS; Leung, C

Published Date

  • February 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 35 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 59 - 70

PubMed ID

  • 27886790

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-2264

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0733-8651

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ccl.2016.09.003

Language

  • eng