Polymorphisms in nucleotide excision repair genes and risk of primary prostate cancer in Chinese Han populations.
Genetic variants of nucleotide excision repair (NER) genes have been extensively investigated for their roles in the development of prostate cancer (PCa); however, the published results have been inconsistent. In a hospital-based case-control study of 1,004 PCa cases and 1,055 cancer-free controls, we genotyped eight potentially functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of NER genes (i.e., XPC, rs2228001 T>G and rs1870134 G>C; XPD, rs13181 T>G and rs238406 G>T; XPG, rs1047768 T>C, rs751402 C>T, and rs17655 G>C; and XPF, rs2276464 G>C) and assessed their associations with risk of PCa by using logistic regression analysis. Among these eight SNPs investigated, only XPC rs1870134 CG/CC variant genotypes were associated with a decreased risk of prostate cancer under a dominant genetic model (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 0.77, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.64-1.91, P = 0.003). Phenotype-genotype analysis also suggested that the XPC rs1870134 CG/CC variant genotypes were associated with significantly decreased expression levels of XPC mRNA in a mix population of different ethnicities. These findings suggested that XPC SNPs may contribute to risk of PCa in Eastern Chinese men.
Wang, M; Li, Q; Gu, C; Zhu, Y; Yang, Y; Wang, J; Jin, L; He, J; Ye, D; Wei, Q
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