Postoperative adjuvant chemoradiation for gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma using epirubicin, cisplatin, and infusional (CI) 5-FU (ECF) before and after CI 5-FU and radiotherapy (CRT) compared with bolus 5-FU/LV before and after CRT: Intergroup trial CALGB 80101.
4003 Background: Following curative resection of gastric or GEJ adenocarcinoma, INT-0116 demonstrated superior survival for pts who received postoperative bolus 5-FU and leucovorin (LV) before and after concomitant 5-FU and RT compared to surgery alone. We assessed whether a postoperative chemoRT regimen that replaces 5-FU/LV with a potentially more active systemic therapy (ECF) improves overall survival (OS). METHODS: Patients with resected gastric or GEJ adenocarcinoma were randomly assigned to either: Arm A: 1 cycle of 5-FU 425 mg/m(2)/day plus LV20 mg/m(2)/day for 5 days/month, followed by 45 Gy (1.8 Gy/day) and concurrent 5-FU (200 mg/m(2)/day CI throughout RT), followed by 2 cyclesof 5-FU/LV; or Arm B: 1 cycle of ECF (E 50 mg/m(2) day 1, C 60 mg/m(2) day 1, and 5-FU 200 mg/m(2)/day CI days 1-21) followed by 45 Gy (1.8 Gy/day) and concurrent 5-FU (200 mg/m(2)/day CI throughout RT), followed by 2 cycles of reduced dose of ECF (E 40 mg/m(2) day 1, C 50 mg/m(2) day 1, and 5-FU 200 mg/m(2)/day CI days 1-21). RESULTS: Between 4/03 and 5/09, 546 pts were enrolled. There were no significant differences between arms with regard to age, sex, race, performance status, T or N stage or extent of lymphadenectomy. Treatment related deaths occurred in 8 (3%) pts on Arm A (5-FU/LV) and 1 (<1%) pt on Arm B (ECF). Grade 4 toxicity: 40%, Arm A v 26%, Arm B (p<0.001). Major toxicities (≥ gr. 3) included: neutropenia (53 v 48%), diarrhea (15 v 7%), and mucositis (15 v 7%) for Arms A and B, respectively. With 242 deaths reported, median OS was 37 months in Arm A and 38 months in Arm B (HR, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.80-1.34; p=0.80). 3yr-OS was 50% in Arm A and 52% in Arm B. Median disease-free survival (DFS) was 30 months in Arm A and 28 months in Arm B (HR, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.79-1.27; p=0.99). 3yr-DFS was 46% in Arm A and 47% in Arm B. CONCLUSIONS: Following curative resection of gastric or GEJ adenocarcinoma, postoperative chemoRT using ECF before and after 5-FU/RT does not improve survival when compared to bolus 5-FU/LV before and after 5-FU/RT.
Fuchs, CS; Tepper, JE; Niedzwiecki, D; Hollis, D; Mamon, HJ; Swanson, R; Haller, DG; Dragovich, T; Alberts, SR; Bjarnason, GA; Willett, CG; Enzinger, PC; Goldberg, RM; Venook, AP; Mayer, RJ
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