Changes in the Professional Lives of Cardiologists Over 2 Decades.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

The American College of Cardiology third decennial Professional Life Survey was completed by 2,313 cardiologists: 964 women (42%) and 1,349 men (58%). Compared with 10 and 20 years ago, current results reflect a substantially lower response rate (21% vs. 31% and 49%, respectively) and an aging workforce that is less likely to be in private practice. Women continue to be more likely to practice in academic centers, be pediatric cardiologists, and have a noninvasive subspecialty. Men were more likely to indicate that family responsibilities negatively influenced their careers than previously, whereas women remained less likely to marry or have children. Men and women reported similar, high levels of career satisfaction, with women reporting higher satisfaction currently. However, two-thirds of women continue to experience discrimination, nearly 3 times the rate in men. Personal life choices continue to differ substantially for men and women in cardiology, although differences have diminished.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lewis, SJ; Mehta, LS; Douglas, PS; Gulati, M; Limacher, MC; Poppas, A; Walsh, MN; Rzeszut, AK; Duvernoy, CS; American College of Cardiology Women in Cardiology Leadership Council,

Published Date

  • January 31, 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 69 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 452 - 462

PubMed ID

  • 28012614

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-3597

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jacc.2016.11.027


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States