Comorbidities predict overall survival (OS) in men with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC).
189 Background: Management of prostate cancer in senior adults represents an important challenge as the median age at diagnosis is 68 and comorbidities in patients increase with advancing age. The objective of this analysis was to determine if baseline comorbidities number (CON) prior to initiating frontline chemotherapy impacts OS in men with CRPC. METHODS: Data from a randomized phase III trial of 1,050 men who received docetaxel, prednisone with or without bevacizumab were used in this analysis. Eligible patients had metastatic CRPC with evidence of progressive disease despite castration and anti-androgen withdrawal, ECOG performance status ≤ 2, and adequate bone marrow, hepatic and renal function. Comorbidities on 14 conditions including cardiovascular, hypertension, diabetes, arthritis, thrombosis, AIDS, renal disease, liver disease and peptic ulcer were prospectively collected at baseline from men enrolled on this trial. The proportional hazards model was used to test if CON predicted OS adjusting for treatment arm, age, race, body mass index and predicted survival probability at 24 months using the CALGB nomogram. RESULTS: In 1,048 men with comorbidity data, the mean CON was 1.5 (s.d.= 1.47, range=0-9) and 73% of men had at least one comorbidity. There was a statistically significant association between CON and risk of death. In multivariable analysis, the hazard ratio (HR) for death for one unit increase in CON was 1.09 (95% CI= 1.04- 1.14, p-value=0.0008). CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first analysis to show that CON is a statistically significant predictor of OS in men with CRPC. These results require prospective validation in phase III trials of men with CRPC. [Table: see text].
Halabi, S; Kelly, WK; George, DJ; Morris, MJ; Kaplan, EB; Small, EJ
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