Cell-laden microfluidic microgels for tissue regeneration.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

Regeneration of diseased tissue is one of the foremost concerns for millions of patients who suffer from tissue damage each year. Local delivery of cell-laden hydrogels offers an attractive approach for tissue repair. However, due to the typical macroscopic size of these cell constructs, the encapsulated cells often suffer from poor nutrient exchange. These issues can be mitigated by incorporating cells into microscopic hydrogels, or microgels, whose large surface-to-volume ratio promotes efficient mass transport and enhanced cell-matrix interactions. Using microfluidic technology, monodisperse cell-laden microgels with tunable sizes can be generated in a high-throughput manner, making them useful building blocks that can be assembled into tissue constructs with spatially controlled physicochemical properties. In this review, we examine microfluidics-generated cell-laden microgels for tissue regeneration applications. We provide a brief overview of the common biomaterials, gelation mechanisms, and microfluidic device designs that are used to generate these microgels, and summarize the most recent works on how they are applied to tissue regeneration. Finally, we discuss future applications of microfluidic cell-laden microgels as well as existing challenges that should be resolved to stimulate their clinical application.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Jiang, W; Li, M; Chen, Z; Leong, KW

Published Date

  • November 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 16 / 23

Start / End Page

  • 4482 - 4506

PubMed ID

  • 27797383

Pubmed Central ID

  • 27797383

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1473-0189

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1473-0197

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1039/c6lc01193d

Language

  • eng