Use of biomarkers to establish potential role and function of circulating microRNAs in acute heart failure.
BACKGROUND: Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) emerge as potential heart failure biomarkers. We aimed to identify associations between acute heart failure (AHF)-specific circulating miRNAs and well-known heart failure biomarkers. METHODS: Associations between 16 biomarkers predictive for 180day mortality and the levels of 12 AHF-specific miRNAs were determined in 100 hospitalized AHF patients, at baseline and 48hours. Patients were divided in 4 pre-defined groups, based on clinical parameters during hospitalization. Correlation analyses between miRNAs and biomarkers were performed and complemented by miRNA target prediction and pathway analysis. RESULTS: No significant correlations were found at hospital admission. However, after 48hours, 7 miRNAs were significantly negatively correlated to biomarkers indicative for a worse clinical outcome in the patient group with the most unfavorable in-hospital course (n=21); miR-16-5p was correlated to C-reactive protein (R=-0.66, p-value=0.0027), miR-106a-5p to creatinine (R=-0.68, p-value=0.002), miR-223-3p to growth differentiation factor 15 (R=-0.69, p-value=0.0015), miR-652-3p to soluble ST-2 (R=-0.77, p-value<0.001), miR-199a-3p to procalcitonin (R=-0.72, p-value<0.001) and galectin-3 (R=-0.73, p-value<0.001) and miR-18a-5p to procalcitonin (R=-0.68, p-value=0.002). MiRNA target prediction and pathway analysis identified several pathways related to cardiac diseases, which could be linked to some of the miRNA-biomarker correlations. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of correlations between circulating AHF-specific miRNAs were related to biomarkers predictive for a worse clinical outcome in a subgroup of worsening heart failure patients at 48hours of hospitalization. The selective findings suggest a time-dependent effect of circulating miRNAs and highlight the susceptibility to individual patient characteristics influencing potential relations between miRNAs and biomarkers.
Vegter, EL; Schmitter, D; Hagemeijer, Y; Ovchinnikova, ES; van der Harst, P; Teerlink, JR; O'Connor, CM; Metra, M; Davison, BA; Bloomfield, D; Cotter, G; Cleland, JG; Givertz, MM; Ponikowski, P; van Veldhuisen, DJ; van der Meer, P; Berezikov, E; Voors, AA; Khan, MAF
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