Achieving low-voltage thin-film transistors using carbon nanotubes
The potential to perform at low voltages is a unique feature of carbon nanotube thin-film transistors (CNT-TFTs) when compared to more common TFT material options, such as amorphous Si or organic films. In this work, CNT-TFTs are fabricated using high-purity CNTs (verified electrically to be ∼ 99% semiconducting) on an embedded gate device structure, which allows for scaling of the dielectric (equivalent oxide thickness ∼ nm) and yields a high gate capacitance. The high gate capacitance, coupled with the high semiconducting purity, leads to devices with excellent low-voltage performance having an average subthreshold swing of ∼ 200 mV/decade (low of ∼ 90mV/decade) and on/off current ratios of 105. Testing hundreds of the CNT-TFTs on a chip at various channel lengths and widths provided a first look at the distribution of key performance metrics across a substrate. Favorable trade-offs between on-current and on/off current ratio were observed along with high field-effect mobility and narrow distributions in both the threshold voltage and subthreshold swing. The methods and results demonstrated here show that the low-voltage performance of CNT-TFTs is accessible for macroelectronic applications. © 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.
Kim, B; Franklin, A; Nuckolls, C; Haensch, W; Tulevski, GS
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