Itinerant Antiferromagnetism in RuO_{2}.


Journal Article

Bulk rutile RuO_{2} has long been considered a Pauli paramagnet. Here we report that RuO_{2} exhibits a hitherto undetected lattice distortion below approximately 900 K. The distortion is accompanied by antiferromagnetic order up to at least 300 K with a small room temperature magnetic moment of approximately 0.05μ_{B} as evidenced by polarized neutron diffraction. Density functional theory plus U (DFT+U) calculations indicate that antiferromagnetism is favored even for small values of the Hubbard U of the order of 1 eV. The antiferromagnetism may be traced to a Fermi surface instability, lifting the band degeneracy imposed by the rutile crystal field. The combination of high Néel temperature and small itinerant moments make RuO_{2} unique among ruthenate compounds and among oxide materials in general.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Berlijn, T; Snijders, PC; Delaire, O; Zhou, H-D; Maier, TA; Cao, H-B; Chi, S-X; Matsuda, M; Wang, Y; Koehler, MR; Kent, PRC; Weitering, HH

Published Date

  • February 15, 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 118 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 077201 -

PubMed ID

  • 28256891

Pubmed Central ID

  • 28256891

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1079-7114

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0031-9007

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1103/physrevlett.118.077201


  • eng