Effect of Morphology on the Electrical Resistivity of Silver Nanostructure Films.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The relatively high temperatures (>200 °C) required to sinter silver nanoparticle inks have limited the development of printed electronic devices on low-cost, heat-sensitive paper and plastic substrates. This article explores the change in morphology and resistivity that occurs upon heating thick films of silver nanowires (of two different lengths; Ag NWs), nanoparticles (Ag NPs), and microflakes (Ag MFs) at temperatures between 70 and 400 °C. After heating at 70 °C, films of long Ag NWs exhibited a resistivity of 1.8 × 10-5 Ω cm, 4000 times more conductive than films made from Ag NPs. This result indicates the resistivity of thick films of silver nanostructures is dominated by the contact resistance between particles before sintering. After sintering at 300 °C, the resistivity of short Ag NWs, long Ag NWs, and Ag NPs converge to a value of (2-3) × 10-5 Ω cm, while films of Ag MFs remain ∼10× less conductive (4.06 × 10-4 Ω cm). Thus, films of long Ag NW films heated at 70 °C are more conductive than Ag NP films sintered at 300 °C. Adding 10 wt % nanowires to a film of nanoparticles results in a 400-fold improvement in resistivity.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Stewart, IE; Kim, MJ; Wiley, BJ

Published Date

  • January 3, 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 1870 - 1876

PubMed ID

  • 27981831

Pubmed Central ID

  • 27981831

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1944-8252

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1944-8244

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/acsami.6b12289


  • eng