Imitation and local enhancement: detrimental effects of consensus definitions on analyses of social learning in animals.


Journal Article (Review)

Development of a widely accepted vocabulary referring to various types of social learning has made important contributions to decades of progress in analyzing the role of socially acquired information in the development of behavioral repertoires. It is argued here that emergence of a consensus vocabulary, while facilitating both communication and research, has also unnecessarily restricted research on social learning. The article has two parts. In the first, I propose that Thorndike's (1898, 1911) definition of imitation as "learning to do an act from seeing it done" has unduly restricted studies of the behavioral processes involved in the propagation of behavior. In part 2, I consider the possibility that success in labeling social learning processes believed to be less cognitively demanding than imitation (e.g. local and stimulus enhancement, social facilitation, etc.) has been mistaken for understanding of those processes, although essentially nothing is known of their stimulus control, development, phylogeny or substrate either behavioral or physiological.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Galef, BG

Published Date

  • November 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 100 /

Start / End Page

  • 123 - 130

PubMed ID

  • 23954830

Pubmed Central ID

  • 23954830

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1872-8308

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0376-6357

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.beproc.2013.07.026


  • eng