Screening for Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement.

Published

Journal Article

Based on data from the 1990s, estimated prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in the United States is 10% for mild OSA and 3.8% to 6.5% for moderate to severe OSA; current prevalence may be higher, given the increasing prevalence of obesity. Severe OSA is associated with increased all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease and cerebrovascular events, diabetes, cognitive impairment, decreased quality of life, and motor vehicle crashes.To issue a new US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on screening for OSA in asymptomatic adults.The USPSTF reviewed the evidence on the accuracy, benefits, and potential harms of screening for OSA in asymptomatic adults seen in primary care, including those with unrecognized symptoms. The USPSTF also evaluated the evidence on the benefits and harms of treatment of OSA on intermediate and final health outcomes.The USPSTF found insufficient evidence on screening for or treatment of OSA in asymptomatic adults or adults with unrecognized symptoms. Therefore, the USPSTF was unable to determine the magnitude of the benefits or harms of screening for OSA or whether there is a net benefit or harm to screening.The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for OSA in asymptomatic adults. (I statement).

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • US Preventive Services Task Force, ; Bibbins-Domingo, K; Grossman, DC; Curry, SJ; Davidson, KW; Epling, JW; García, FAR; Herzstein, J; Kemper, AR; Krist, AH; Kurth, AE; Landefeld, CS; Mangione, CM; Phillips, WR; Phipps, MG; Pignone, MP; Silverstein, M; Tseng, C-W

Published Date

  • January 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 317 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 407 - 414

PubMed ID

  • 28118461

Pubmed Central ID

  • 28118461

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1538-3598

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0098-7484

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1001/jama.2016.20325

Language

  • eng