Revascularization Strategies and Outcomes in Elderly Patients With Multivessel Coronary Disease.
BACKGROUND: Balancing risks and benefits of revascularization in elderly patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) is challenging. The appropriate revascularization strategy for elderly patients with multivessel CAD is unclear. METHODS: We used the Duke Databank for Cardiovascular Disease to identify patients aged 75 years or more who had multivessel disease and treatment with percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) within 30 days of the index catheterization between October 1, 2003, and June 30, 2013. The primary outcome was a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and coronary revascularization through latest follow-up. Associations between bare-metal stents (BMS), drug-eluting stents (DES), CABG, and outcomes were determined using multivariable Cox proportional hazards modeling, adjusting for potential confounders with CABG as the reference. Comparisons between BMS and DES were done using BMS as the reference. RESULTS: We identified 763 patients who met the criteria (BMS, n = 202; DES, n = 411; CABG, n = 150). The median age was 79 years (interquartile range, 76 to 82), and the median follow-up was 6.28 years. After adjustment, both BMS and DES were associated with a higher risk of the primary outcome. The BMS versus CABG hazard ratio was 1.58 (95% confidence interval: 1.15 to 2.19, p = 0.01). The DES versus CABG hazard ratio was 1.45 (95% confidence interval: 1.08 to 1.95, p = 0.01). The adjusted hazard ratio for DES versus BMS (0.92, 95% confidence interval: 0.71 to 1.19, p = 0.51) was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: In this single-center analysis of 763 elderly patients with multivessel disease, CABG was associated with the best overall clinical outcomes, but was selected for a minority of patients. An adequately powered, randomized trial should be considered to define the best treatment strategy for this population.
Posenau, JT; Wojdyla, DM; Shaw, LK; Alexander, KP; Ohman, EM; Patel, MR; Smith, PK; Rao, SV
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