Age of onset of hypertension and risk of dementia in the oldest-old: The 90+ Study.


Journal Article

We investigated the association between age of onset of hypertension and dementia risk in an oldest-old cohort.Participants are from The 90+ Study, a population-based longitudinal study of people aged 90+ who are survivors from the Leisure World Cohort Study. We estimated hypertension onset age using self-reported information from The 90+ Study and Leisure World Cohort Study, collected about 20 years earlier. A total of 559 participants without dementia were followed every 6 months for up to 10 years.A total of 224 participants developed dementia during follow-up (mean = 2.8 years). Compared with those without hypertension, participants whose hypertension onset age was 80 to 89 years had a lower dementia risk (hazard ratio = 0.58, P = .04) and participants with an onset age of 90+ years had the lowest risk (hazard ratio = 0.37, P = .004).Developing hypertension at older ages may protect against dementia. Understanding the mechanisms for this lower risk is important for determining ways to prevent dementia in the very elderly.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Corrada, MM; Hayden, KM; Paganini-Hill, A; Bullain, SS; DeMoss, J; Aguirre, C; Brookmeyer, R; Kawas, CH

Published Date

  • February 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 103 - 110

PubMed ID

  • 28108119

Pubmed Central ID

  • 28108119

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1552-5279

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1552-5260

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jalz.2016.09.007


  • eng