Current techniques to treat pathologic perforator veins.
Pathologic perforating veins have become an interest to the venous specialist caring for patients with CEAP 4 to 6 disease. Historically, open perforator ligation and then subdermal endoscopic perforator ligation was described. These methods had clear shortcomings. More recently, thermal ablation techniques, including radiofrequency ablation and laser ablation, have been described. Ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy has also been used as a possible means to treat pathologic perforator veins. This report describes and summarizes the updated techniques to treat perforating veins in a challenging patient population.
Ozsvath, K; Hager, E; Harlander-Locke, M; Masuda, E; Elias, S; Dillavou, ED
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