Prognostic utility of CCP score in men with prostate cancer after primary external beam radiation therapy.
47 Background: Accurate risk stratification improves decision making in localized prostate cancer. The CCP score, a prognostic RNA signature based on the average expression level of 31 cell cycle progression (CCP) genes, was developed to aid in this task. Previously, the CCP score was shown to be predictive of biochemical recurrence (BCR) after prostatectomy, and prostate cancer specific mortality in men undergoing observation. However, the value of CCP score in men undergoing primary electron beam radiation therapy (EBRT) was untested. METHODS: The CCP score was derived retrospectively from the diagnostic biopsy of 141 patients treated with EBRT at the Durham VA medical Center. Inclusion criteria were disease diagnosis from 1991 to 2006 and available biopsy tissue. Approximately half of the cohort was African-American. Outcome was time from EBRT to BCR using Phoenix definition, and median follow-up for patients without BCR was 4.8 years. Association with outcome was evaluated by CoxPH survival analysis and likelihood ratio tests. RESULTS: Patient data were censored at 5-years of follow-up and 19 patients (13%) had BCR. The median CCP score was 0.12(IQR -0.43 to 0.66). In univariable analysis, CCP score was a significant prognostic variable (p-value = 0.0017). The hazard ratio (HR) for BCR was 2.55 (95% CI (1.43, 4.55)) for a one-unit increase in CCP score (equivalent to a doubling of gene expression). In a predefined multivariable analysis that included Gleason score, PSA, and percent positive cores, the HR for CCP changed only marginally and remained significant (HR per CCP unit 2.09 (95% CI (1.05, 4.18), p-value = 0.035), indicating that CCP provides prognostic information that is not provided by standard clinical parameters. Further adjustment for hormonal therapy or radiation dose did not materially alter this association. The score was also associated with prostate cancer specific mortality. There was no evidence for interaction between CCP and any clinical variable, including ethnicity. CONCLUSIONS: In a cohort of men treated with EBRT, the CCP score was significantly associated with outcome and provided prognostic information beyond what was available from clinical parameters. If validated in a larger cohort, CCP score could be used to select high-risk men undergoing EBRT who may need combination therapy for their clinically localized prostate cancer.
Gerber, L; Reid, JE; Welbourn, W; Tikishvili, E; Park, J; Younus, A; Gutin, A; Sangale, Z; Lanchbury, JS; Salama, JK; Stone, S
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