Proximal ingrowth coating decreases risk of loosening following uncemented shoulder arthroplasty using mini-stem humeral components and lesser tuberosity osteotomy.
Mini-stem humeral component (MSHC) use during total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) provides bone preservation and ease of revision. MSHCs rely solely on proximal metaphyseal fixation; some early reports have demonstrated an unacceptably high rate of early loosening. To our knowledge, no study analyzing the effect of proximal porous coating on MSHCs has been performed.We performed a retrospective review of consecutive patients who underwent anatomic TSA using coated or uncoated MSHCs with minimum 2-year follow-up. Postoperative radiographs were assessed for risk of or frank stem loosening, subsidence, and presence of radiolucencies. Range of motion, outcome scores (visual analog scale pain, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons, and Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation), and any complications were noted.We analyzed 68 shoulders with a mean follow-up of 27.3 months (range, 24-50 months). Of these, 34 had proximal coating and 34 were uncoated. In the coated group, no stems loosened, 1 (2.9%) subsided, and 7 (20.6%) developed radiolucencies. In the uncoated group, 1 stem (2.9%) became aseptically loose (requiring revision after 26 months), 7 (20.6%) were judged at risk of loosening (2 because of subsidence), and 15 (44.1%) developed radiolucencies. There was also an increased risk of proximal medial humeral radiolucencies among uncoated MSHCs. There were no significant differences in final range of motion or outcome scores.MSHC use is appropriate for TSA, achieving desired pain relief and functional improvement. Overall, component loosening appears uncommon at early follow-up; however, uncoated stems appear to be at greater risk of loosening and developing radiolucencies. Selecting an MSHC with proximal porous coating may decrease the risk of implant-related complications.
Morwood, MP; Johnston, PS; Garrigues, GE
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