Al-Cu-Fe quasicrystal/ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene composites as biomaterials for acetabular cup prosthetics.

Published

Journal Article

Polymer composites of Al-Cu-Fe quasicrystals and ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) were investigated for use in acetabular cup prosthetics. The wear properties of the Al-Cu-Fe/UHMWPE samples and a 440 steel ball counterface were measured. The mechanical strength of the Al-Cu-Fe/UHMWPE composites was compared to UHMWPE and alumina/UHMWPE. The biocompatibility of the composite material was tested using a direct contact cytotoxicity assay. Al-Cu-Fe/UHMWPE demonstrated lower volume loss after wear and higher mechanical strength than UHMWPE. This composite material also showed no increase in counterface wear or cytotoxicity relative to UHMWPE. These combined results demonstrate that Al-Cu-Fe/UHMWPE composites are promising candidate materials for acetabular cup prosthetics.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Anderson, BC; Bloom, PD; Baikerikar, KG; Sheares, VV; Mallapragada, SK

Published Date

  • April 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 23 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 1761 - 1768

PubMed ID

  • 11950046

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11950046

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1878-5905

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0142-9612

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/s0142-9612(01)00301-5

Language

  • eng