A Radial Basis Function Spike Model for Indirect Learning via Integrate-and-Fire Sampling and Reconstruction Techniques

Published

Journal Article

This paper presents a deterministic and adaptive spike model derived from radial basis functions and a leaky integrate-and-fire sampler developed for training spiking neural networks without direct weight manipulation. Several algorithms have been proposed for training spiking neural networks through biologically-plausible learning mechanisms, such as spike-timing-dependent synaptic plasticity and Hebbian plasticity. These algorithms typically rely on the ability to update the synaptic strengths, or weights, directly, through a weight update rule in which the weight increment can be decided and implemented based on the training equations. However, in several potential applications of adaptive spiking neural networks, including neuroprosthetic devices and CMOS/memristor nanoscale neuromorphic chips, the weights cannot be manipulated directly and, instead, tend to change over time by virtue of the pre- and postsynaptic neural activity. This paper presents an indirect learning method that induces changes in the synaptic weights by modulating spike-timing-dependent plasticity by means of controlled input spike trains. In place of the weights, the algorithm manipulates the input spike trains used to stimulate the input neurons by determining a sequence of spike timings that minimize a desired objective function and, indirectly, induce the desired synaptic plasticity in the network.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Zhang, X; Foderaro, G; Henriquez, C; VanDongen, AMJ; Ferrari, S

Published Date

  • 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 2012 /

Start / End Page

  • 1 - 16

Published By

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1687-7608

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1687-7594

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1155/2012/713581

Language

  • en