[Physiopathology and recording techniques of the ocular movements].


Journal Article

A number of functional systems are involved in the control of eye movements. The vestibulo-ocular and optokinetic reflexes are automatic responses that compensate for the movements of the head and those of the visual environment in order to stabilize the retinal image on a given fixation point. The saccadic movements are quick displacements of fixation from one to another point in the visual field. The smooth pursuit movements consist in the gaze following a moving target. Finally, there are some involuntary movements of very small amplitude during fixation maintenance. Each functional modality of movement depends on specific neuronal circuits that work in a coordinated manner for encoding the contraction of the oculomotor muscles to reach an adequate position at every moment. These neuronal systems can be altered by many neurological processes of different kinds and localizations, causing a broad variety of oculomotor disturbances. The most salient aspects of the physiopathology and the recording systems of eye movements are reviewed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gila, L; Villanueva, A; Cabeza, R

Published Date

  • January 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 32 Suppl 3 /

Start / End Page

  • 9 - 26

PubMed ID

  • 20094083

Pubmed Central ID

  • 20094083

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1137-6627

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.23938/assn.0152


  • spa