Imprinting in ducklings: variability among individuals and responses.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Duck embryos show a highly variable heart rate, which remains variable, though to a lesser degree, upon hatching. After hatching, behavioral responses of ducklings in an imprinting paradigm are also variable both between ducklings, and between particular responses (behavioral inter se and behavioral vs physiological). Nonetheless, responses, when viewed multi-dimensionally, do appear to cluster, suggesting that there exist a variety of discrete developmental 'types', even among an inbred strain of ducklings.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Klopfer, PH

Published Date

  • December 1, 1978

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 3 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 293 - 303

PubMed ID

  • 24895868

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1872-8308

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0376-6357

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0376-6357(78)90002-5


  • eng