Efficacy of Second Molar to Achieve Anchorage Control in Maximum Anchorage Cases.

Journal Article (Journal Article)


The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of inclusion of second molar in treatment at the outset to reinforce anchorage.


A comparative study comprising of 30 maximum anchorage cases to quantify anchorage loss in two situations was undertaken. Group I consisted of cases in which only first molars were banded and Group II consisted of cases where both first and second molars were banded. A total of seven landmarks were marked and six measurements were recorded on to the pre-treatment and post-treatment lateral cephalogram.


The difference in pre-treatment and post-treatment values of all the variables were statistically significant (p<0.05) except maxillary central incisor vertical movement (U1 VER), implying a significant post-treatment change. Thus in both the treatment approaches U6 and U1 showed a considerable amount of movement in horizontal and vertical direction and there was rotation which brought about change in angular values.


The study has successfully quantified the anchorage loss and brought out the advantages of including second molar in treatment at the outset. Not only the anchorage loss is minimized but inclusion of second molar also helps to maximize incisor retraction and helps control angular movement of molar and incisor. Extra time required for second molar banding is well spent, as the benefits are overwhelming.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Londhe, SM; Kumar, P; Mitra, R; Kotwal, A

Published Date

  • July 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 66 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 220 - 224

PubMed ID

  • 27408305

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4921247

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2213-4743

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0377-1237

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/s0377-1237(10)80041-3


  • eng