Increased urinary uric acid excretion: a finding in Indian stone formers.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Many studies have been done to determine the risk factors associated with urolithiasis so that preventive measures can be undertaken to prevent stone formation. However the exact aetiology of urinary stones still remains elusive. A prospective control study of epidemiological factors that influence urinary stone formation was done to determine the aetiology of urinary stones. Patients with stone disease had a significantly higher body mass index. 24-h urine excretion of uric acid and phosphate was found to be significantly higher in stone patients as compared to controls. The intake of non-vegetarian food was significantly higher amongst stone formers. Stone patients had a significantly higher consumption of curd and cheese as compared to controls. There was a significant correlation noted between stone formation and a positive family and past history of stone disease. The results indicate that obese patients, especially those with a family history of stone disease, should be counselled on weight loss. Individuals with a past history of stone disease should be advised to reduce their dietary intake of foods rich in uric acid (meat, liver and beans).

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sinha, T; Karan, SC; Kotwal, A

Published Date

  • February 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 38 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 17 - 20

PubMed ID

  • 19921166

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1434-0879

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0300-5623

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s00240-009-0236-y


  • eng