Patellofemoral complications with the Insall-Burstein II posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasty.
The Insall-Burstein and Insall-Burstein II posterior-stabilized (I-B II PS) prostheses have been reported to have a high prevalence of patellar complications. This is a prospective, consecutive study of 118 primary total knee arthroplasties in 82 patients with the I-B II PS prosthesis implanted by 1 surgeon, using a specific technique for patellar resurfacing. The mean follow-up time was 4.0 years (range, 2-8 years). Clinical evaluation was performed using a standard knee score system with specific additional evaluation of the patellofemoral joint. Radiographs were evaluated for fracture, loosening, and subluxation. Ninety-four knees (80%) were rated excellent, 21 knees (17%) good, and 3 knees (3%) fair. The mean flexion was 112 degrees postoperative. No knee required reoperation for the patellofemoral joint. There were 2 nondisplaced and 1 minimally displaced patellar fractures treated nonoperatively, no patellar clunk syndrome, and no subluxations. Using the patellar evaluation system, 109 knees had no anterior knee pain, 7 knees had mild pain, and 2 knees (1 patient) had moderate-to-severe pain only with rising from a chair. Patellofemoral crepitus with active flexion-extension in the seated position was noted in 16 knees (14%) but was painful in only 2 knees (1 patient). With this technique for patellar resurfacing with this prosthesis, patellofemoral complications were only 4.2%, and no knee required reoperation for the patella or for loosening. With attention to operative technique, patellofemoral resurfacing with this posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasty can be highly successful.
Larson, CM; Lachiewicz, PF
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