Evaluation of late outgrowth endothelial progenitor cell and umbilical vein endothelial cell responses to thromboresistant collagen-mimetic hydrogels.
Bioactive coatings which support the adhesion of late-outgrowth peripheral blood endothelial progenitor cells (EOCs) are actively being investigated as a means to promote rapid endothelialization of "off-the-shelf," small-caliber arterial graft prostheses following implantation. In the present work, we evaluated the behavior of EOCs on thromboresistant graft coatings based on the collagen-mimetic protein Scl2-2 and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) diacrylate. Specifically, the attachment, proliferation, migration, and phenotype of EOCs on PEG-Scl2-2 hydrogels were evaluated as a function of Scl2-2 concentration (4, 8, and 12 mg/mL) relative to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Results demonstrate the ability of each PEG-Scl2-2 hydrogel formulation to support EOC and HUVEC adhesion, proliferation, and spreading. However, only the 8 and 12 mg/mL PEG-Scl2-2 hydrogels were able to support stable EOC and HUVEC confluence. These PEG-Scl2-2 formulations were, therefore, selected for evaluation of their impact on EOC and HUVEC phenotype relative to PEG-collagen hydrogels. Cumulatively, both gene and protein level data indicated that 8 mg/mL PEG-Scl2-2 hydrogels supported similar or improved levels of EOC maturation relative to PEG-collagen controls based on evaluation of CD34, VEGFR2, PECAM-1, and VE-Cadherin. The 8 mg/mL PEG-Scl2-2 hydrogels also appeared to support similar or improved levels of EOC homeostatic marker expression relative to PEG-collagen hydrogels based on von Willebrand factor, collagen IV, NOS3, thrombomodulin, and E-selectin assessment. Combined, the present results indicate that PEG-Scl2-2 hydrogels warrant further investigation as "off-the-shelf" graft coatings. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A: 105A: 1712-1724, 2017.
Munoz-Pinto, DJ; Erndt-Marino, JD; Becerra-Bayona, SM; Guiza-Arguello, VR; Samavedi, S; Malmut, S; Reichert, WM; Russell, B; Höök, M; Hahn, MS
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)