Biodiversity and Topographic Complexity: Modern and Geohistorical Perspectives.

Journal Article (Review;Journal Article)

Topographically complex regions on land and in the oceans feature hotspots of biodiversity that reflect geological influences on ecological and evolutionary processes. Over geologic time, topographic diversity gradients wax and wane over millions of years, tracking tectonic or climatic history. Topographic diversity gradients from the present day and the past can result from the generation of species by vicariance or from the accumulation of species from dispersal into a region with strong environmental gradients. Biological and geological approaches must be integrated to test alternative models of diversification along topographic gradients. Reciprocal illumination among phylogenetic, phylogeographic, ecological, paleontological, tectonic, and climatic perspectives is an emerging frontier of biogeographic research.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Badgley, C; Smiley, TM; Terry, R; Davis, EB; DeSantis, LRG; Fox, DL; Hopkins, SSB; Jezkova, T; Matocq, MD; Matzke, N; McGuire, JL; Mulch, A; Riddle, BR; Roth, VL; Samuels, JX; Strömberg, CAE; Yanites, BJ

Published Date

  • March 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 32 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 211 - 226

PubMed ID

  • 28196688

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC5895180

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1872-8383

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0169-5347

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.tree.2016.12.010


  • eng