An Intervention to Promote Sleep and Reduce ADHD Symptoms.

Journal Article (Journal Article)


To determine the effect of a sleep hygiene education module and prescriptive sleep routine for children ages 5 through 11 years with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).


The 20-week pilot project used a pre-/posttest design to assess sleep and ADHD symptoms. The Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CHSQ) and Vanderbilt Assessment Scale-Parent Form survey were provided to assess sleep and ADHD behaviors of participants at baseline and 6 weeks after implementation of the sleep hygiene routine. Fifty-three children participated in the project. Of these, 23 scored 42 or greater on the CHSQ, indicating a sleep disorder, and received the intervention.


The CHSQ and Vanderbilt scores indicated a significant improvement in sleep quality and reduction in ADHD symptoms after implementation of the sleep hygiene routine (CHSQ: p < .001, d = .928; Vanderbilt Questions 1-9: p < .001, d = .473; Vanderbilt Questions 10-18: p = .004; d = .329).


A provider-instructed sleep hygiene routine in children with ADHD improves sleep quality and reduces ADHD symptoms.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Peppers, KH; Eisbach, S; Atkins, S; Poole, JM; Derouin, A

Published Date

  • November 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 30 / 6

Start / End Page

  • e43 - e48

PubMed ID

  • 27614815

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-656X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0891-5245

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.pedhc.2016.07.008


  • eng