Oropharyngeal dysphagia


Journal Article (Review)

Swallowing is a highly coordinated cascade of events, involving 30 pairs of muscles, six pairs of cranial/cervical nerves, and brain-stem and cortical swallowing centers, that results int he passage of ingested materials and oropharyngeal secretions into the esophagus. This elaborate mechanism of oropharyngeal swallowing ensures two important functions: (1) transit of the bolus and (2) simultaneous protection of the airway. It is normal when transit of the ingested material from the mouth into the esophagus is completed without compromising the airway. Oropharyngeal dysphagia (OPD) may result when the efficacy or coordination of either the transport or protective aspect of swallowing are compromised.

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hobson-Webb, LD; Jones, HN; Kishnani, PS

Published Date

  • January 1, 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 3 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 69 - 81

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1098-8351

Citation Source

  • Scopus