Parental relationships and behavioral approach system dysregulation in young adults with bipolar disorder.

Journal Article

Expressed emotion (EE), or the presence of criticism/hostility/emotional overinvolvement in a family relationship, predicts poorer outcomes in bipolar disorder; however, the mechanism of this is unclear. The present study investigated whether, in a sample of young adults (aged 18-40 years) with bipolar disorder, parental criticism was associated with Behavioral Approach System (BAS) dysregulation, including emotional reactivity to negative feedback and cognitive schemas of self-criticism/perfectionism.Twenty-two young adults with bipolar I disorder and 22 matched control participants completed an interview, questionnaires, and a computer-based task with false negative feedback; emotional reactivity to this feedback was assessed.Compared to control participants, clinical participants exhibited higher levels (p = 0.001) of self-criticism, and a trend towards a greater decrease in positive affect after negative feedback (p = 0.053), even when controlling for mood symptoms. Among clinical participants, perceived criticism from paternal caregivers was associated with self-criticism and perfectionism, and low perceived paternal care was associated with decrease in positive affect.Strain in parental relationships may be associated with BAS dysregulation for individuals with bipolar disorder.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Muralidharan, A; Kotwicki, RJ; Cowperthwait, C; Craighead, WE

Published Date

  • April 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 71 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 387 - 401

PubMed ID

  • 25534712

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-4679

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9762

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/jclp.22146


  • eng