ADHD and nonsuicidal self-injury in male veterans with and without PTSD.
The objective of the present research was to examine the association between ADHD symptoms and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in male Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans with and without PTSD. Approximately 25% of veterans screened positive for clinically-significant levels of ADHD. Male veterans with PTSD were significantly more likely to report ADHD symptoms than male veterans without PTSD. In addition, as expected, ADHD was strongly associated with NSSI, even after accounting for the effects of demographic variables, PTSD, depression, and alcohol use disorder. Future work aimed at replicating and extending these findings in longitudinal studies of veterans is needed.
Kimbrel, NA; Wilson, LC; Mitchell, JT; Meyer, EC; DeBeer, BB; Silvia, PJ; Gratz, KL; Calhoun, PS; Beckham, JC; Morissette, SB
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