Longer-term oral antiplatelet use in stable post-myocardial infarction patients: Insights from the long Term rIsk, clinical manaGement and healthcare Resource utilization of stable coronary artery dISease (TIGRIS) observational study.

Published

Journal Article

To describe contemporary patient characteristics and treatment patterns, including antithrombotic management, of post-myocardial infarction (MI) stable coronary artery disease (CAD) patients at high atherothrombotic risk from different geographical regions.Patients ≥50years with prior MI 1-3years ago and ≥1 risk factor (age ≥65years, diabetes, 2nd prior MI >1yr ago, multivessel CAD, creatinine clearance 15-<60ml/min) were enrolled by 369 physicians (96% cardiologists) in 25 countries (2013-14) in the prospective TIGRIS study (NCT01866904).9225 patients were enrolled (median 1.8years) post-MI: 52% with prior ST-elevation MI, median age 67years, 24% women, 67% Caucasian, 55% had ≥2 additional qualifying risk factors, 14% current smokers, 67% overweight/obese, 34% with blood pressure ≥140/90mmHg. 81% underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI; 66% with drug-eluting stents) for the index MI. 75% of patients had been discharged on dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT; acetylsalicylic acid [ASA]+ADP receptor inhibitor [ADPri]), mainly clopidogrel (75%). 63% had discontinued antiplatelet treatment (60% ADPri) around 1year, most commonly by physician recommendation (90%). At enrolment, 97% were taking an antithrombotic drug, most commonly ASA (88%), with 27% on DAPT (median duration 1.6years); continued DAPT >1year was highest (39%) in Asia-Pacific and lowest (12%) in Europe.Despite guideline recommendations, 1 in 4 post-MI patients did not receive DAPT for ~1year. In contrast to guideline recommendations supporting newer ADPris, clopidogrel was mainly prescribed. Prior to recent RCT data supporting DAPT >1year post-MI/PCI, >1 in 4 patients have continued on DAPT, though with substantial international variability.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Goodman, SG; Nicolau, JC; Requena, G; Maguire, A; Blankenberg, S; Chen, JY; Granger, CB; Grieve, R; Pocock, SJ; Simon, T; Yasuda, S; Vega, AM; Brieger, D; TIGRIS Study Investigators,

Published Date

  • June 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 236 /

Start / End Page

  • 54 - 60

PubMed ID

  • 28268087

Pubmed Central ID

  • 28268087

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1874-1754

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0167-5273

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ijcard.2017.02.062

Language

  • eng