Important clinical descriptors to include in the examination and assessment of patients with femoroacetabular impingement syndrome: an international and multi-disciplinary Delphi survey.


Journal Article

PURPOSE: Determine which examination findings are key clinical descriptors of femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS) through use of an international, multi-disciplinary expert panel. METHODS: A three-round Delphi survey utilizing an international, multi-disciplinary expert panel operationally defined from international publications and presentations was utilized. RESULTS: All six domains (subjective examination, patient-reported outcome measures, physical examination, special tests, physical performance measures, and diagnostic imaging) had at least one descriptor with 75% consensus agreement for diagnosis and assessment of FAIS. Diagnostic imaging was the domain with the highest level of agreement. Domains such as patient-reported outcome measures (PRO's) and physical examination were identified as non-diagnostic measures (rather as assessments of disease impact). CONCLUSION: Although it also had the greatest level of variability in description of examination domains, diagnostic imaging continues to be the preeminent diagnostic measure for FAIS. No single domain should be utilized as the sole diagnostic or assessment parameter for FAIS. While not all investigated domains provide diagnostic capability for FAIS, those that do not are able to serve purpose as a measure of disease impact (e.g., impairments and activity limitations). The clinical relevance of this Delphi survey is the understanding that a comprehensive assessment measuring both diagnostic capability and disease impact most accurately reflects the patient with FAIS. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: V.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Reiman, MP; Thorborg, K; Covington, K; Cook, CE; Hölmich, P

Published Date

  • June 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 25 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1975 - 1986

PubMed ID

  • 28271369

Pubmed Central ID

  • 28271369

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1433-7347

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s00167-017-4484-z


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Germany