Using ePrognosis to estimate 2-year all-cause mortality in older women with breast cancer: Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) 49907 and 369901 (Alliance A151503).
PURPOSE: Tools to estimate survival, such as ePrognosis ( http://eprognosis.ucsf.edu/carey2.php ), were developed for general, not cancer, populations. In older patients with breast cancer, accurate overall survival estimates would facilitate discussions about adjuvant therapies. METHODS: Secondary analyses were performed of data from two parallel breast cancer studies (CALGB/Alliance 49907/NCT000224102 and CALGB/Alliance 369901/NCT00068328). We included patients (n = 971) who were age 70 years and older with complete baseline quality of life data (194 from 49907; 777 from 369901). Estimated versus observed all-cause two-year mortality rates were compared. ePrognosis score was calculated based on age, sex, and daily function (derived from EORTC QLQ-C30). ePrognosis scores range from 0 to 10, with higher scores indicating worse prognosis based on mortality of community-dwelling elders and were categorized into three groups (0-2, 3-6, 7-10). Observed mortality rates were estimated using Kaplan-Meier methods. RESULTS: Patient mean age was 75.8 years (range 70-91) and 73% had stage I-IIA disease. Most patients were classified by ePrognosis as good prognosis (n = 562, 58% 0-2) and few (n = 18, 2% 7-10) poor prognosis. Two-year observed mortality rates were significantly lower than ePrognosis estimates for patients scoring 0-2 (2% vs 5%, p = 0.001) and 3-6 (8% vs 12%, p = 0.01). The same trend was seen with scores of 7-10 (23% vs 36%, p = 0.25). CONCLUSIONS: ePrognosis tool only modestly overestimates mortality rate in older breast cancer patients enrolled in two cooperative group studies. This tool, which estimates non-cancer mortality risk based on readily available clinical information may inform adjuvant therapy decisions but should be validated in non-clinical trial populations.
Kimmick, GG; Major, B; Clapp, J; Sloan, J; Pitcher, B; Ballman, K; Barginear, M; Freedman, RA; Artz, A; Klepin, HD; Lafky, JM; Hopkins, J; Winer, E; Hudis, C; Muss, H; Cohen, H; Jatoi, A; Hurria, A; Mandelblatt, J
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