Defining leadership competencies for pediatric critical care fellows: Results of a national needs assessment.
INTRODUCTION: Physicians in training, including those in Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, must develop clinical leadership skills in preparation to lead multidisciplinary teams during their careers. This study seeks to identify multidisciplinary perceptions of leadership skills important for Pediatric Critical Care Medicine fellows to attain prior to fellowship completion. METHODS: We performed a multi-institutional survey of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine attendings, fellows, and nurses. Subjects were asked to rate importance of 59 leadership skills, behaviors, and attitudes for Pediatric Critical Care practitioners and to identify whether these skills should be achieved before completing fellowship. Skills with the highest ratings by respondents were deemed essential. RESULTS: Five hundred and eighteen subjects completed the survey. Of 59 items, only one item ("displays honesty and integrity") was considered essential by all respondents. When analyzed by discipline, nurses identified 21 behaviors essential, fellows 3, and attendings 1 (p < 0.05). Nurses differed (p < 0.05) from attendings in their opinion of importance in 64% (38/59) of skills. CONCLUSIONS: Despite significant variability among Pediatric Critical Care attendings, fellows, and nurses in identifying which clinical leadership competencies are important for graduating Pediatric Critical Care fellows, they place the highest importance on skills in self-management and self-awareness. Leadership skills identified as most important may guide the development of interventions to improve trainee education and interprofessional care.
Green, ML; Winkler, M; Mink, R; Brannen, ML; Bone, M; Maa, T; Arteaga, GM; McCabe, ME; Marcdante, K; Schneider, J; Turner, DA
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