On the geometric conditions for multiple stable equilibria in clamped arches
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd Curved structures, such as beams, arches, and panels are capable of exhibiting snap-through buckling behavior when loaded laterally, that is they can exhibit multiple stable equilibria, sometimes after any external loading is removed. This is a consequence of highly nonlinear force-deflection relations with perhaps multiple crossings of the zero-force axis for typical equilibrium paths. However, the propensity to maintain a stable snapped-through equilibrium position (in addition to the nominally unloaded equilibrium configuration) after the load is removed depends on certain geometric properties. A number of clamped arches are used to illustrate the relation between geometry (essentially the shape) and corresponding equilibrium configuration(s), and especially those conditions for which the initial equilibrium configuration is the only stable shape possible. Furthermore, related results are obtained when a change in the thermal environment may cause a system to exhibit a stable snapped-through equilibrium even when the system at ambient thermal conditions does not. Some representative examples are produced using a 3D printer for verification purposes.
Virgin, LN; Guan, Y; Plaut, RH
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